Health Affairs. The epidemiology of problem drinking in gay men and lesbians: A critical review. Clin Psych Rev. Sexual orientation and risk of suicide attempts among a representative sample of youth. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. A population-based study of sexual orientation identity and gender differences in adult health. Special issues and concerns. J Adolesc Health. Lesbian, 23 yr old bisexual latin, and bisexual homeless youth: An eight-city Ladies looking real sex Mount kisco NewYork 10549 health perspective.
Child Welfare. Disparities in health insurance coverage, access, and outcomes for individuals in same-sex versus different-sex relationships, — Demonstrating the importance and feasibility of including sexual orientation in public health surveys: Health disparities in the Pacific Northwest. CDC; Feb [cited Aug 23].
Overweight ole obesity in lesbian and bisexual college biwexual. J Am College Health. A systematic review. AIDS 23 yr old bisexual latin. Mental disorder, subsistence strategies, and victimization among gay, lesbian, and bisexual homeless and runaway adolescents. J Sex Research. 223
The impact of homophobia, poverty, and racism 23 yr old bisexual latin the mental health of gay and bisexual Latino men: Findings from three US cities. Transgender health: Findings from two needs assessment studies in Philadelphia. Health Soc Work. National transgender discrimination survey: Preliminary findings. Washington, DC: National Gay and Lesbian Taskforce; Nov.
Outing age: Public policy issues affecting gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender elders. Tobacco use among sexual minorities in the USA: Tob Control.
The health, health-related needs, and lifecourse experiences of transgender Virginians. Richmond, VA: Virginia Department of Health; Chapter 9: Alcohol 23 yr old bisexual latin and alcohol-related problems among lesbians and gay men.
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Maternal, Infant, and Child Health. Nutrition and Weight Status. Older Adults. Public Health Infrastructure. Thus, this exploratory analysis might lead to a 23 yr old bisexual latin of how to address risk and vulnerability among Latino bisexual men and their sexual networks.
Yet, we have a very limited understanding of how bisexual men, particularly Latino men in the United States, organize their sexual lives with male and female partners in sociospatial contexts regulated by norms that guide heterosexual monogamous relationships. Exploring how bisexual men configure their sexual partnerships according to networks and social context is important because it provides a better understanding of the fluidity of bisexual behavior and its implications for sexual health.
Without attempting to reduce all bisexual behavior to a particular category e. This is particularly pressing as bisexual ethnic minority men have been identified as one of the most 23 yr old bisexual latin groups in the U. Thus, this analysis leads to an exploratory rethinking of how to address risk and vulnerability among Latino bisexual men and their sexual networks.
We address the social problem of how bisexual Latino men partner by analyzing 23 yr old bisexual latin contextually and culturally defined social regulatory mechanism of heteronormativity. The literature on heteronormativity has focused primarily on the ways it affects gender inequality and the oppression of non-heterosexuals in social, cultural, and political economic realms Blasius, ; Grace, ; Lancaster, ; Phelan, Current research does not go far enough to guide our understanding of how heteronormativity influences the ways Latino men Free discrete sex cams concurrent relationships with men and other gender types i.
Gagnon and Simon posited that sexual scripts are social and contextually inscribed norms that guide desires and behaviors. Sexual scripts describe the ways we interact when looking for sex and during sexual relationships. Gagnon and Simon give important insights into how heteronormative sexual scripts are socially reproduced:. Aside from its own intrinsic requirements, the sexual also shares the burden of demonstrating 23 yr old bisexual latin, gender, and moral competence and, as a result, the demands placed upon interpersonal scripting often are compelling.
Heteronormativity and Sexual Partnering Among Bisexual Latino Men
Rather than being reciprocally reinforcing, the requirements of interpersonal and intrapsychic scripting of the sexual 23 yr old bisexual latin represent a continuing—and bisexkal some a costly—dialectic p. Exploring the interpersonal and contextual factors such as neighborhood of residence or place of sexual encounter that might be associated with different forms of bizexual partnerships bsiexual bisexual Latino men is one way to empirically nuance this theory.
The relationship between 23 yr old bisexual latin space and sexual behavior has been explored by Laumann, Ellingson, Mahay, Paik, and Youm and argues cultural norms e. We conceptualize sociocultural space in terms of 1 relational e. For example, we propose to bisexuual the cultural notion of machismo i. Our time—space dependent conceptualization of sexual behavior and partnering might be useful in testing the essentializing, static notions of Latino machismo.
More specifically, in our exploration of social factors that affect these men, we hypothesized: These 23 yr old bisexual latin allowed us to explore whether our theoretical framework could be operationalized to show associations with contextual and social factors. The card was then distributed to all people present in the recruitment sites with permission from the establishments or agencies. Additionally, mini-posters and cards were left for potential participants.
Next, a version of the card was posted on two types of webpages: Gisexual senior advisory committee for the study generated the list of Internet sites. Last, interested participants had the option of calling our study phone number, e-mailing us, or visiting the recruitment Internet page of the study. The Ladies seeking nsa Saint paul Minnesota 55104 Internet page asked potential participants to consent to participate 23 yr old bisexual latin the confidential automated screening via a 5-min questionnaire, available in Spanish and English.
The questions for the screening focused on the selection criteria for the study: We developed a software program that determined the eligibility of the bisexhal according to our selection criteria and the quota sampling process. If the person did not meet the selection criteria, he received a message thanking him for his time and cooperation. If the person met the selection criteria and sampling parameters, then he was bidexual to schedule a time and date for the interview on the Internet page.
We also used person-to-person outreach and individuals were asked to complete the online screening questionnaire on the computer in our study office or at the site of recruitment using a laptop computer. A total of men qualified and participated in the study. Data for the analyses presented here originate from the quantitative measures of the computer-based survey. We examined bisexual Latino heteronormativity along three dimensions: Using cross-tabulations, we describe the sexual behavior of the participants through a series of items on their partnering practices in the prior 2 months.
We examined the 1 types of sexual partners for anal, vaginal or oral sex only during the past 2 months along two axes: We also used a 6-item scale to measure 23 yr old bisexual latin with homosexual behavior: Possible answers included: Data were extracted from the online survey database and imported into SPSS, version We used logistic regression modeling and linear regression modeling to explore 23 yr old bisexual latin associations among factors theoretically related to heteronormativity Cool blk guy seeks sexy mature Jersey sexual partnering.
In our multivariate linear models we explore the associations between 1 machismo and 2 comfort with homosexuality with several factors related to sexual partnering. We controlled for individual income as a continuous variable to rule out differences related to socioeconomic status. Other sociodemographic variables e. The average age of study participants was 23 yr old bisexual latin our sample, Of those who were foreign-born, 3. Fifty-percent of foreign-born Latinos had lived in the U.
Regarding occupations, Among those employed, As indicators for access to busexual services show, In terms of income, Finally, in terms of sexual risk behavior, the men in our ol reported the following practices during the prior 2 months: We posited biswxual if bisexual Latino men adhered to heteronormative scripts of partnership, they would 23 yr old bisexual latin less likely to have male partners or female casual partners in the same neighborhood as their female regular sexual partners Hypothesis 1.
Although the sample size for these Looking for more than beauty findings was relatively small, it 23 yr old bisexual latin still worth noting that our findings did not support our first hypothesis.
On the contrary, men whose steady female partner lived in the same neighborhood as they did were also more likely to have steady male partners OR 5. We also hypothesized that if bisexual Latino men adhered to heteronormative scripts of partnership, they would be more likely to have female partners as steady and male or transgender partners as casual Hypothesis 2.Looking 4 A Dark Skinned Beauty For Live In Situation
Our findings from cross-tabulations did not support this olx. Study participants reported four types of configurations: The remaining On one hand, our findings using bivariate logistic regressions 23 yr old bisexual latin that there were no statistical differences in the odds of meeting biological male partners through formal or informal spaces, social networks or online.
On the other hand, participants were more likely to meet female partners through formal spaces OR 4.
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These findings suggest that the men in our study followed a heteronormative way of meeting female but not male partners. The majority of latij Latino men in our study had sexual encounters primarily in their own homes or the homes of their partners Eat my pussy Ischia final hypothesis was that if bisexual Latino men adhered to heteronormative scripts, 23 yr old bisexual latin in the organization of their sexual partnering and sexual practices would reflect differences in their machismo and feelings towards homosexual behaviors Hypothesis 4.
Instead, machismo was associated with meeting busexual male sex lod through social networks i. The homosexual comfort model Table 2 suggests the less comfortable men were with homosexual behaviors, the more likely they were to blsexual other men online, gr the more comfortable they were with homosexuality, latij more likely they were Horny women in Wayne City, IL meet through social networks of friends and kinship.
Our Wives wants real sex Devens did not support all of our hypotheses about how heteronormative sexual scripts guide bisexual Latino men in their interactions with their partners.
The prominent focus on steady relationships offers insights into how heteronormativity affects this particular population. Our exploratory results point to the complex negotiations bisexual Latino men have with 23 yr old bisexual latin regarding sexual partnering with men, women, and transgender persons.
Having sex with lstin than one gender-type seems inherently contrary to what a heteronormative framework suggests. It might be that heteronomativity instills a social desire for stability in a steady relationship, but that non-static and fluid sexual desires instantiate themselves in steady and casual sexual encounters with biological male and transgender partners as Local hookups Stockton California. In other words, regardless of the partner configuration, heteronormativity might ild inculcated in the bisexual Latino men in our sample to the extent that they might value steady partnership regardless of type of partner s.
The importance of having steady relationships as opposed to casual sexual interactions may stem from a larger issue of culture. Our study sample was not composed of self-identified bisexual men who had low frequency of sexual interactions with biological females. Although our interpretations are limited to 23 yr old bisexual latin sample, these findings suggest that bisexual Latino men operate in complex partnerships integrating male, female, and transgendered partners of similar Latino ancestry and economic class.
In addition, bisexuality as a sexual category has elements—along the dimensions of desire, behavior, and identity—that differ from heteronormative or homonormative i. For this reason, our bisexuzl explorations 23 yr old bisexual latin the sociogeographic context e. For those who lived in the 23 yr old bisexual latin neighborhoods as their steady female sexual partners, our findings suggest that bisexual Latino men still engage with other sexual partners in that neighborhood.
23 yr old bisexual latin, we look to the role of navigating friendship and kinship networks and spaces for sexual encounters e.
If our interpretation is correct 23 yr old bisexual latin bisexual Latino men are engaging in steady relational sex, then what is the role of social networks in sustaining these relationships? In other words, do friendships or kinship networks play a role in introducing steady sex partners; do partners and participants have social networks in common; and, if a bisexual man is maintaining parallel steady relations, do the partners know about each other?
Outside of the work environment, our findings suggest friendship networks play bissexual important role in introducing bisexual Latino men to their male and female partners. The vast majority of participants had at least one friend in common with their female partners This seems to not be true for seeking other partners. Less than half of the participants had at least one bissexual in common with their male partners regardless if they were casual or Ladies seeking sex Leonard Oklahoma or with their casual male-to-female partners.
Qualitative research suggests that bisexual Latino men navigate their same-sex relationships in secrecy Garcia et al. This helps explain the lack of overlap in friendship social networks among study participants and their casual and regular male partners. Overlap in social networks between individuals and their partners have been demonstrated to play a oldd role in predicting extra-dyadic relationships and sexual risk behavior through social control Laumann et al.
That is, the more friends in common, the less likely the individual is to behave in ways that contradict the norms of the local social network, the lower Adult singles dating in Cambridge, Illinois (IL). 23 yr old bisexual latin of engaging in extra-dyadic relationships, and the lower the 23 yr old bisexual latin of taking sexual risks outside their primary relationships.
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The vast majority of partners regardless of gender 23 yr old bisexual latin type of sexual relationship were met in informal spaces, i. We asked participants their first and most recent place that they had sex by type of partner. Homes were the most prominent space for sexual interactions regardless of the gender and visexual of partners.
From the literature on sex and space, we know that the space of bisexyal provides the best-equipped space for safe sexual interactions. In fact, consistent with the literature Goldbaum et al.
Moreover, the relationships between context for finding partners and machismo as 2 as with feelings of comfort with homosexuality were two key findings in our study. There were clear differences in the levels of machismo dependent on whether the participant was with a female or a lod 23 yr old bisexual latin partner.
At the same time, it might be more psychically acceptable less cognitive dissonance to have sex with a transgender woman than with a biological man if there are high levels of homonegativity. Thus, this article also calls for more research on how sexual desires play out in diverse partnering behaviors and masculine identities. In fact, our findings, although exploratory, begin to deconstruct some of the rigid and essentializing portrayals of Latino men as always being hypermasculine machistas.
This also adds oldd a bisexuap complex understanding of the sociocultural and spatial orientation of heteronormative attitudes bisesual behaviors. However, we highlight important limitations to our study, especially because they can inform the design of future research in the field of bisexuality studies. This was a cross-sectional study exploring factors associated with the sexual partnering of bisexual Latino men. As such, we have limited ability to make causal inferences in the exploratory associations found.
Although the survey covered a period of 2 months, there is no evidence to support how sexual partnership configurations change over the life course of our study participants. The closest indicator of life course changes would be suggested by the inclusion of age as a control 32 in our analysis. We found in our sample age had no significant 23 yr old bisexual latin on sexual partnership configurations. We could have conducted the current analysis focusing on general types of partners female vs.
Moreover, it is possible that our way of clustering partners is flawed in using frequency by Chatroulette sex interests search and not by 23 yr old bisexual latin partner characteristics, which might have yielded different results e. Taking the above limitations into consideration, this yrr presented initial insights into the structure of bisexual Latino sexual relations.
Our findings have important implications for understanding bisexual Latino yt behavior and sexual health. The social and spatial dependency of heteronormative performance indicated by our 23 yr old bisexual latin analysis brings into question the usefulness of this theoretical construct, as it is often thought Pussy fuck in Spokane as stable and static.
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As providers, maintaining concurrent steady partnerships is perhaps costly to bisexual Latino men in our sample. Concurrent relationships might also decrease the amount of financial support that bisexual men can provide for their families or send to their home countries as remissions.
Housewives wants casual sex Maumelle sexual relationships were most common with persons in their own neighborhood. This finding shows that there might be a 23 yr old bisexual latin for HIV risk bisexula sexual networks in certain Latino enclaves.
We would like to thank the members of our research team: Shauna Bannan, B. The authors would like to extend our deepest gratitude to our research participants who shared their lives with us. Patrick A. Richard G. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Arch Sex Behav. Author manuscript; available in PMC May 1.